Scientists have discovered the world’s earliest evidence of grape wine-making in Georgia. The evidence has been detected in 8,000-year-old pottery jars unearthed in Georgia.
On November 13, researchers said that the surprising evidence shows that the tradition is almost 1,000 years older than previously thought.
Before, the oldest chemical evidence wine has been discovered in the Zagros Mountains of Iran and dated to 5,400-5,000 BC, said the report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), a peer-reviewed US journal.
Scientists in the research team came from different states including the United States, Denmark, Italy, Canada, France, Israel, and Georgia.
A senior researcher at the University of Toronto and co-author of the study,
Stephen Batiuk said that the team believes that the findings are true and the evidence of the domestication of a wild-growing Eurasian grapevine solely for the production of wine.
“Wine is central to civilization as we know it in the West. As a medicine, social lubricant, mind-altering substance and highly valued commodity, wine became the focus of religious cults, pharmacopeias, cuisines, economies, and society in the ancient Near East,” Batiuk said.
Batiuk also said that the wine was made similarly to the traditional method in Georgia today, where the crushed grapes, fruit, stems, and seeds are all brewed together.
According to researchers, the world’s earliest non-grape based wine found in China is brewed alcoholic beverage of rice, honey and fruit and dating to about 7,000 BC.